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How to Train Your Dog to Stay Calm During Car Rides

How to Train Your Dog to Stay Calm During Car Rides

It's very common for dogs to feel anxious during car rides. In fact, studies show that up to 30% of dogs experience some level of car anxiety. There are a few reasons why dogs may feel uneasy in vehicles:

  • Motion sickness – Just like people, dogs can experience nausea from the motion of the car. The starts and stops and going around turns can upset their stomach and inner ear balance.

  • Fear of the unknown – Dogs prefer predictability and routine. A car ride represents a break in their normal schedule to somewhere unfamiliar, which can cause stress.

  • Lack of control – In the car, dogs are confined and unable to influence or escape the situation if they feel scared. This loss of control contributes to anxiety.

  • Traumatic association – If a dog has ever been in an accident, gotten carsick, or had another bad experience in a vehicle, future car trips may stir up those unpleasant memories and fears.

  • Noise phobia – The sounds of traffic, engines revving, and brakes squealing can be agonizing for dogs sensitive to loud noises.

  • Separation anxiety – Dogs who struggle when left alone may associate the car with being separated from their owner/family.

Knowing the roots of your dog's car anxiety will help you address the specific triggers through training. Pay attention to when and how your dog reacts so you can identify their primary concerns.

Preparing Your Dog for Car Travel

Implementing a few simple practices at home can get your dog more comfortable with car travel before hitting the road:

Make the car a safe place – Let your dog explore the car when it's parked and relaxed. Allow them to sniff around, check out car seats, get treats/toys inside. You want them to see the car as a cool, fun, non-threatening place.

Take short practice trips – Go on brief drives around the block with lots of praise and rewards. Don't force it if your dog is overwhelmed. Build up slowly from a few minutes to longer outings.

Crate train your dog – If you plan to use a crate in the car, get your dog completely comfortable with it at home first. Feed them meals inside and let them nap in an open crate so they learn it's a good place.

Desensitize to car sounds/sights – Play recordings of car noises and put your dog in the (non-moving) car with the engine on. Pair with favorite treats! This helps disassociate scary sights and sounds from panic.

Check with your vet – Make sure motion sickness isn't the culprit. Your vet can prescribe anti-nausea medication if needed to make car travel more pleasant.

The more consistently you set your dog up for successful experiences in the car, the more their confidence will grow. Be patient–the extra preparation makes a big difference!

Choosing a Safe Restraint

To keep your dog secure and as stress-free as possible in the car, it's crucial to choose an appropriate restraint:

Usual collars/harnesses are dangerous – Anything that allows your dog to move freely in the vehicle risks injury in a crash or sudden stop.

Dog seat belts – These attach to your dog's harness and clip directly into the car's seat belt system. This limits roaming while allowing some movement.

Backseat barriers – Barriers keep your dog safely in the backseat by blocking access to the front seats and absorb impact in an accident.

Car harnesses – Specifically made for car travel, these allow freedom of head movement while securing the body. They usually connect to interior latches.

Crash-tested crates – For smaller dogs, secured crates provide a portable "den" inside the car that reduces stress. Look for "Center for Pet Safety" approval.

Dog booster seats – For toy breeds, a booster seat elevates them so they can see out while being strapped in. Choose elevated styles with short tethers over basic cushion seats.

Take measurements and read reviews to find the optimal restraint that fits your dog and car properly. The right system keeps them safely contained without adding unnecessary pressure or discomfort.

Teaching Calm Behavior

Once you have safety covered, it's time to actively shape your dog's behavior in the car to encourage relaxation over anxiety. Some effective training techniques include:

Condition an association – As you're getting in the car, say a phrase like "Time to go bye-bye!" in a happy voice every time. After many consistent repetitions, those words will become a signal that a ride is coming.

Positive reinforcement – Any time your dog is quiet, settled, or otherwise behaving calmly during a ride, praise them enthusiastically and give treats. This increases desired behavior.

Pre-drive exercise – Take your dog on a long walk before a drive to release pent-up energy that could translate to restlessness in the car. A tired dog is more likely to nap!

Bring toys/chews – Having something to occupy them can significantly distract your dog from anxiety triggers. Having a favorite toy ONLY for drives makes it exciting.

Manage nausea – If carsickness is an issue, withholding food for a few hours before traveling can help. Lowering windows for fresh air flow also reduces nausea.

Play calming music – Soothing classical, reggae or ambient sounds helps regulate breathing and heart rate for a less stressful ride.

Use calming aids – Adaptil pheromone collars, anti-anxiety medications, or calming treats with ingredients like melatonin may ease your dog's nerves. Ask your vet for recommendations.

Stay positive, patient, and consistent with training. Keep sessions short to start and try to end on a good note so your dog doesn't associate rides with overwhelmingly negative experiences. Their comfort level will improve with time.

Road Trip Best Practices

Traveling with your dog over a long distance requires some additional planning and preparations:

Practice before the big trip – Take increasingly longer drives so they get used to extended time in the car.

Pack familiar items – Bringing their own toys, bed, dishes can help it feel more like home. Maintaining a routine is also reassuring.

Prepare proof of updated vaccines/ID – Make sure your dog's tags are up to date and you have vet records of current immunizations for any stops along your route.

Plan pet-friendly overnights – Research hotels and sights along your route that accommodate dogs. Book rooms in advance when possible.

Watch driving on mountain roads – Windy inclines make more sensitive dogs prone to carsickness. Drive cautiously and have cleaning supplies ready just in case.

Take regular breaks – Stop at least every 2-3 hours to let your dog stretch their legs, go to the bathroom, get water, and have a snack.

Never leave a dog alone in a parked car – Even with windows cracked, temperatures inside a vehicle can spike to dangerous levels very quickly.

Travel off-hours when feasible – Making main portions of the drive at night, early morning or mid-afternoon can help avoid heavy traffic that could agitate your dog.

Manage leash transitions – Practice having your dog go from moving freely to being leashed/confined and back again. This will help with transitions like rest stops or dog-friendly patios.

The keys are planning ahead, maintaining comfort, and adjusting the schedule as needed based on how your individual dog handles extended travel. Be flexible–you may need to add extra stops or overnight stays if they have trouble settling in over very long distances. The trip should be enjoyable for both of you!

Troubleshooting Problems

If your dog struggles with certain issues en route, try these troubleshooting suggestions:

Nausea – Lower windows to equalize pressure, avoid feeding right before travel, drive slowly over bumps, ask your vet about anti-nausea medication.

Panting – This signals anxiety. Speak in calm tones, turn on music, make sure the temperature is comfortable, and consider dog-appeasing pheromone (DAP) diffusers.

Barking – Barking can reflect stress, but also excitement or wanting attention. Distract with a toy and if necessary, pull over until the barking stops then praise when quiet.

Whining – Like barking, whines are an invitation for attention. Ignore the behavior completely, never reward whining with what the dog wants.

Moving around – If your dog is restless, regularly stop to take breaks for exercise and water. Ensure the restraint fits snugly but allows them to sit and lie down.

Chewing restraints – Restrain dogs in crates instead and use indestructible chew toys to occupy them. Some dogs need anti-anxiety medication prescribed.

Excessive drooling – Can signal extreme nausea/stress. Consult your vet and consider shorter trips, more potent anti-nausea/anti-anxiety options or calming aids.

Aggression – Don't punish anxious behavior as this can worsen the fear. Use positive reinforcement only and speak with your vet about prescribing mood-altering medication if needed.

Learning your dog's signs of distress and proactively addressing the root causes will help make car excursions less worrying for all. Have realistic expectations, drive conscientiously, and above all–stay patient. Many dogs can overcome travel anxiety with the proper training techniques and your compassion.

Travel Preparation Checklist

Use this handy checklist to ensure you don't forget anything important when preparing your dog for a car trip:

❏ Practice short drives near home

❏ Introduce car restraint system and accustom dog to wearing it

❏ Proof of up-to-date vaccines/vet records

❏ Favorite toys, treats, comfort items from home

❏ Bowls for food and water

❏ Waste bags, paper towels, stain/odor cleaner

❏ Leash and collar/harness with ID tag

❏ Medications if needed for nausea or anxiety

❏ First aid kit – gauze, adhesive tape, antiseptic, saline, etc.

❏ Regular medications

❏ Food (dry and canned)

❏ Bottled water

❏ Dog bed/crate

❏ Dog-friendly hotel reservations

❏ Map/GPS with pet-friendly rest stops identified

❏ Anti-nausea aids

❏ Calming aids – treats, pheromone collar/spray

❏ Proof of pet insurance and emergency vet contact info

❏ Familiar blankets or items with owner's scent

❏ Recent photo of your dog in case they get lost

❏ Extra collar/leash

❏ Waste pick-up bags

❏ Paper towels

Thorough preparation helps minimize surprises and anxiety for both you and your dog. Planning ahead ensures you can focus fully on safe traveling and keeping the journey low-stress and fun for all. Bon voyage!

Conclusion

The thought of transporting an anxious dog in the car can seem daunting at first. But implementing compassionate, low-stress training tailored to your dog's needs can make travel possible and even enjoyable. The keys are patience, proper restraint, rewarding calm behavior, managing nausea/stress, and taking regular breaks. With time and consistency using positive methods, your dog will learn to see rides as safe adventures with their trusted human. Don't be discouraged by setbacks–keep working to build their confidence at a pace that works. You've got this! Just remember to stock the vehicle with supplies, take preventative measures, research your route, and show your furry copilot the same care and understanding you would any family member. Your road-ready dog will be wagging their tail excitedly every time you grab the keys.

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