Dogs beg for food at the table for a variety of reasons. The main reason is that begging has worked for them in the past. If your dog has learned that begging results in getting scraps from the table, they will continue this behavior. Dogs also beg simply because they want food. The smell of food cooking or sitting on the table is irresistible to dogs. Their instinct is to do whatever it takes to get some. Your dog may also beg for attention. Some dogs associate begging with being petted or interacted with. Giving your dog any kind of attention, even scolding, when they beg teaches them that they get what they want when begging.
Ignore the Begging Behavior
The most effective way to stop your dog from begging is to simply ignore the behavior. This is easier said than done, as having a dog stare longingly at you while you eat can be exceptionally distracting. However, you must resist the urge to interact with the begging dog in any way. Do not make eye contact, talk to, pet, touch, or even look at your dog while they are begging. Any type of attention will reinforce the behavior. Act as if your dog does not exist. This will communicate to your dog that there is nothing to be gained by begging. Be forewarned that the begging will likely get worse initially before it gets better. Your dog will become frustrated that their begging tactics no longer work. Remain strong and keep ignoring them until they give up and stop begging altogether.
Never Feed Table Scraps
While it may be tempting to toss your dog a scrap from time to time, this encourages begging behaviors. Dogs quickly learn that begging at the table results in tasty treats. Avoid the urge to give in. Table scraps also encourage poor manners and obesity. Stick to feeding your dog at scheduled mealtimes rather than from your plate. Train your family members not to feed scraps either. This takes some diligence but avoids sending your dog mixed messages about begging.
Use Aversives Sparingly
Aversive training techniques like squirt bottles, shaking cans filled with coins, or noise deterrents can be used to discourage begging. However, they should be used minimally and only as a last resort. Rely more heavily on simply ignoring the dog. Aversives may suppress the behavior temporarily but do not address the root cause. The dog still wants food and may become sneakier about begging. They may beg when you are out of sight of the aversive. While modest corrections have their place in training, ignoring is most effective for begging.
Teach An Alternative Behavior
Rather than only punishing begging behavior, teach your dog an acceptable alternative behavior instead. For example, train your dog to go lie on a dog bed in another room during mealtimes. Reward with praise and treats when they perform this behavior. It gives them another way to earn your approval. With time, your dog will learn to leave the room when you eat without being told. This removes them from the temptation to beg. Always pair discouragement of bad behaviors with reinforcement of good behaviors.
Practice "Off" and "Leave It" Commands
Obedience commands like "off" and "leave it" are helpful for discouraging begging behaviors. Use "off" when your dog jumps up to beg. Reward them with praise when they comply. If they do not listen, lead them gently into a down position on all four paws. Practice this when you are not eating until your dog understands the command. You can then use it when begging occurs. Similarly, teach your dog "leave it." When your dog stares longingly at your food, say "leave it" and praise when they look away. These commands help reinforce that your food is off limits.
Crate Train Your Dog
Dogs are less likely to beg when confined. If your dog is crate trained, have them go to their crate before you sit down to eat. Close the crate door to remove any temptation. Make sure your dog is comfortable with their crate first. Introduce it slowly and make it a safe space with blankets and treats. A crate prevents begging behaviors and reinforces that mealtimes are for humans, not dogs.
Exercise Your Dog Before Meals
A tired dog is less likely to beg. Ensure your dog gets adequate exercise before mealtimes. Take them for a walk or engage in a vigorous play session. This will take the edge off and satisfy some of their energy and food motivation. An exercised dog will be more likely to nap quietly during your meal rather than beg for scraps. This helps your dog behave better when you eat.
Train Your Dog Consistently
Dogs do best when trained consistently by all family members. Everyone must ignore begging, avoid rewarding it, and implement the same techniques. Dogs get confused when some family members allow begging and give handouts but others do not. Make sure to brief any guests on your rules about begging as well. Consistency ensures your dog understands that begging does not result in rewards.
Consider Your Dog's Diet
Your dog may beg more if they are hungry. Make sure you are feeding a high-quality food in appropriate portions for your dog’s size and activity level. Hungry dogs are more food motivated. Keeping your dog adequately nourished reduces the motivation to beg. Check with your vet if you suspect your dog is too hungry on their current diet. Switching formulas or feeding times may help.
Use Mealtime Barriers
Strategic barriers can help reduce begging behaviors. For example, feeding your dog in a separate room behind a baby gate prevents them from accessing the table during meals. You can also tether your dog in the next room during mealtimes. Another option is covering crates or using furniture to block your dog's view of the eating area. This removes visual triggers to beg.
Do not expect begging behaviors to disappear overnight. It takes diligence and consistency to undo a well-practiced habit like begging. Be prepared for an extinction burst where the begging gets more intense before it extinguishes. Stick to your plan and be patient. If you stop rewarding the behavior, your dog will eventually learn that begging no longer works. Consistency and time are critical. Celebrate small successes until your dog stops begging entirely.
Seek Professional Help if Needed
In extreme cases of difficult to manage begging behaviors, do not hesitate to consult an experienced dog trainer or behaviorist. They can assess your situation, troubleshoot your training plan, and customize techniques to your specific dog. Working privately with a professional can help get begging under control in a timely manner when DIY methods are not effective enough.
The Benefits of Reducing Begging
Stopping begging behaviors has many benefits beyond just a less annoying dinner time. It teaches your dog patience and self-control. Good manners are reinforced. Your bond will strengthen as your dog learns to respect boundaries and comply with your cues. Fewer behavioral problems often emerge when dogs do not get food from the table. Family mealtimes become more pleasant for all when dogs are not begging. Make stopping food begging a priority for a better behaved, less stressed dog.
Be Consistent with the Whole Family
It is essential that everyone in your family is on the same page when training your dog not to beg. If some members give in to the begging by providing table scraps while others attempt to ignore it, your dog will be receiving mixed signals. Set clear guidelines and ensure all family members stick to them. Children in particular may need reminders. Supervise young kids during meals to curb handouts. Consistency from everyone is vital to stop rewarding begging behaviors.
Correct Begging Politely
While begging needs to be addressed, remember to correct it humanely without anger or frustration. Yelling at a begging dog is counterproductive as it provides attention that can inadvertently reinforce the behavior. Use an even, assertive tone and body language when giving commands like “off” or “go lie down”. Avoid shoving your dog away harshly. Be just as consistent with your corrections as with withholding rewards. Politely enforcing rules will help curb begging better than anger.
Never Give in Once Begging Starts
Giving your begging dog just one scrap of food at any point during a meal strongly reinforces the behavior you want to stop. This communicates that begging ultimately results in a reward if they just try hard enough. Remain vigilant throughout the entire meal. If your dog starts begging, ignore them completely from start to finish of eating. Frequently caving in and giving them a scrap teaches them to beg more intensely next time. Be strong and do not give in.
Reward Alternate Behavior Before Meals
Rather than waiting for your dog to beg before correcting them, encourage good behavior proactively before meals. Direct them to their bed or crate and reward with praise and a treat when they comply. You can also practice “stay” commands before eating. Giving an appropriate behavior outlet will prevent some begging urges. Reward your dog for waiting quietly away from the table prior to starting your meal.
Manage the Environment
The environment can impact your dog’s begging behaviors. Dog-proof eating areas by closing doors, using baby gates, or crate training your dog during mealtime. Minimize temptations by removing access and visibility to human food when possible. Feed your dog in another room well before your own mealtime. Managing environmental factors removes opportunities to beg and reinforces training.
Remain Neutral in Response to Begging
Some owners try to discourage begging by reacting negatively through yelling, pushing the dog away, or scolding. This gives your dog attention that can inadvertently reinforce the behavior. Instead remain neutral and utterly ignore begging dogs. Avoid eye contact, talking to, or even looking at them. Pretend they are invisible. Any reaction, even a negative one, fuels the begging behavior. Staying neutral and ignoring them is most effective.
Be Consistent with Visitors and Kids
Well-meaning visitors or children in your home may inadvertently reinforce begging behaviors if they provide handouts from the table. Politely explain your training plan to guests so they do not sabotage progress. Supervise kids during meals and coach them to ignore begging dogs. Consistency in training, even among visitors, is important to ensure begging is never rewarded.
Focus on Prevention
Rather than waiting for your dog to beg and then correcting them, concentrate on prevention. Proactively manage situations to avoid the behavior in the first place. Feed your dog well before humans eat. Crate or confine them during meals. Block visibility and access to eating areas. Reward alternate calm behaviors. Preventing begging urges will increase your likelihood of success in resolving this issue.
Do Not Reward Closely Preceding Behaviors
Take care not to reward your dog in the moments before they start to beg. For example, if you pet your dog immediately before sitting down to eat, this can reinforce begging behavior that follows. Ignore any behaviors within 30 minutes leading up to meals like staring, pacing, whining or hovering near the table. Be vigilant before and during eating times.
Teach Solid “Off” and “Down” Commands
Train strong and reliable “off” and “down” commands during times your dog is not begging. Use positive reinforcement like treats and praise to reward them for obeying. Once mastered, start using these commands when begging occurs. Ask for an “off” as they jump up or enforce a “down” when they stare longingly. These commands disrupt begging behavior.
Remain Calm When Correcting
It’s understandably frustrating when your dog begs, but overreacting can make the problem worse. Yelling or aggressively pushing your dog away can intensify their food motivation. Correct begging calmly and consistently with training commands like “off” and “leave it.” Your calm confidence will help reinforce boundaries without fear or anxiety.
Consider Anti-Begging Muzzles
As a last resort, a basket-style muzzle may inhibit begging behaviors. A muzzle allows a dog to breathe and drink but not eat food. However, muzzles do not address the source of the behavior and should not be used long term or punitively. Proper introductions are needed to avoid causing stress. Focus more effort on positive reinforcement training for lasting results.
No training method will stop begging behaviors overnight. Have realistic expectations that reducing begging will take weeks or months of dedicated effort. Stay motivated by celebrating small successes and milestones. Avoid punishment-based shortcuts that seem fast but cause stress. With time and consistency, your dog will learn that begging does not work.
Condition an Alternative Location
Rather than only punishing begging behavior, train your dog an acceptable alternative. For example, provide a comfortable mat or bed in the next room. Reward your dog for laying there during meal prep and eating times. Use commands like “go to your mat” or “kennel up” to direct them there. Over time your dog will learn to retreat to their location rather than beg.
Troubleshoot Environmental Triggers
Take note of any environmental triggers that precede your dog begging. Does the smell of food cooking spark the behavior? Does preparing the table or sitting down to eat trigger it? Identify patterns so you can manage triggers. For example, confine your dog before cooking if the smells elicit begging. Reducing environmental triggers can improve training success.
Avoid Physical Punishment
Do not use physical punishment like hitting or shoving when your dog begs. This can cause anxiety and worsen food aggression or resource guarding. Dogs do not understand they are being punished for begging specifically. They just learn to fear mealtimes. Positive reinforcement training and removing rewards for begging is safer and more effective long-term.
Seek Veterinary Advice if Needed
Increased begging and food obsession can occasionally signal an underlying medical issue in dogs. Schedule a vet visit if your dog’s behavior seems abnormal or excessive to rule out concerns like nutrient deficiencies, worms, diabetes, or thyroid disorders. Your vet can advise if any health issues are contributing to food-focused behaviors.
Be Realistic About Certain Breeds
Some breeds are notoriously more food-motivated and prone to begging behaviors. Labrador retrievers, beagles, and other hounds have genetic tendencies to beg for food. While beg-proofing these breeds takes commitment and diligence, you can absolutely achieve success. Just have realistic expectations if you have a breed genetically prone to food fixation.
Keep Training Sessions Short
When using training commands to curb begging, keep sessions very brief—just a few minutes at a time. Long practice sessions can bore or overwhelm your dog. Keep their focus by asking for just a few repetitions of commands like “off” or “leave it” during real life mealtimes. Frequent short training bursts are most productive.
Identify and Meet Your Dog’s Enrichment Needs
Dogs beg out of boredom or lack of enrichment as well as for food. Ensure your dog’s daily enrichment needs for exercise, mental stimulation and social interaction are met. A dog lacking enrichment is more likely to develop disruptive behaviors like begging. Boost their lifestyle to address these deficiencies.
Troubleshoot Medical Causes
If your dog’s begging behavior seems excessive or out of the ordinary, schedule a veterinary visit. Any sudden behavior changes could signal an underlying medical issue. Your vet can check for conditions like hypothyroidism, diabetes, dental disease, or gastrointestinal disorders that may contribute to unusual appetite changes and food begging.
Supervise Children during Meals
Kids often unconsciously reinforce begging dogs by sneaking them tidbits at the table. Politely explain to children why rewarding begging behavior is detrimental to your dog’s training. Supervise mealtimes with kids and remind them not to slip food. Consistency from all family members is important when training dogs.
Breaking a begging habit requires diligence and commitment from all family members, but it can absolutely be done. The keys are removing rewards for undesirable behavior and providing rewards for appropriate behavior instead. With ample practice, prevention strategies, and encouragement, your dog can learn better manners at mealtime. Stick to a training plan, and your dog will kick their begging habit for good.